IX-XII cc. – the capital of the first Russian state – Kievskaya Rus – the commercial center, prosper and religious metropolis.
1240 – was conquered by Mongols.
1362 – was annexed to the Lithuania.
1569 – formed the part of Poland.
1654 – returned under the Russian domination.
Since 1918 it is the capital of the Ukraine.
Attractions & Highlights:
The cathedral of St. Sofia (XI c., mosaics and Byzantium pictures, the Kievo-Pecherskaya Laura (XI c.) with the monastery of Grots. The museum of “Gold Gates” (the symbol of Kievskaya Rus); the avenue Kheschatic (the Broadway of Kiev).