The Moscow region is situated between the Volga and Oka rivers, in the central part of the Eastern European plain. This territory was settled in the 10th century by the
Vitiches, a Slavic tribe. In the 12th century the lands became a part of the Vladimir-Suzdal princedom.
The Moscow region is a historically formed centre of Russia's economic and cultural life.
20 percent of all scientific organisations in Russia are located in the Moscow region.
Korolev, Dubna, Protvino, Zhukovsky, Krasnoarmeysk, Dmitrov, Belozersk, Sergiev-Posad, Chernogolovka, Khimki, Reutov, Fryazino, Pushchino; this list of scientific centres of the Moscow region that are of national importance is far from being complete.
Moscow region is one of the oldest industrial regions of Russia: the first factories appeared here in the 18th century and heavy industry and metalwork dominate. The oldest and one of the leading industries – textiles – is active: cotton, wool and silk cloth is made in the region, which comprises 20% of all cotton and wool production in Russia.
The Moscow transportation networks are the largest in Russia. They include 12 railway stations and 5 airports. 10 highways fan out from the capital in all directions. Moscow is a large river port - the Moscow and Oka rivers connect to five seas via the Moscow canal.
The Moscow region is rich in architectural, historic and cultural monuments of national and global importance. They are associated with the names of many famous Russian artists, composers, poets, writers, actors, military leaders, public and political men.
Currently, there are 1,099 churches and 27 manasteries open in the region. 896 temples and chapels are declared to be historic and cultural monuments. Along with the restoration of temples that were destroyed in past decades, new churches are constantly being built throughout the region.
The rich historical heritage has become the object of numerous guided tours throughout the region.