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RUSSIA - SIBERIA

SIBERIA:

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Geographical Position:

Everything reaching to the east beyond the Ural Mountains, the whole northern part of the Asian continent is considered by most people to be Siberia. To divide it into regions is rather arbitrary: Western and Eastern Siberia, Altai, Tuva and Khakassia, the Sayans and Transbaikalia, Yakutia.

Climate & Weather:

The Siberian frosts are an object of note. At times they reach negative 40-50°C. And «just» negative 25-30°C is quite a normal winter temperature for the local inhabitants; they do not notice it. But summer in the south of Siberia is rather hot, up to 30. It is possible to swim, though the water in reservoirs frequently remains cool. Even in July it warms only to 17-18°C.

Population:

Siberia has population density of about three people per square kilometre. Most Siberians are Russians. Ethnic Russians are descended from Slavs who lived in Eastern Europe four hundred years ago. Such Mongol and Turkic groups as Buryats, Tuvinians, and Yakuts lived in Siberia originally, and descendants of these peoples still live there. Other ethnic groups include Kets, Evenks, Chukchis, Koryaks, and Yukaghirs. 

Largest Cities: Novosibirsk, Omsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Yakutsk, Tymen, Chita, Ulan-Ude, Kizyl, Abakan
Landscapes: In general, everything is huge in Siberia: the rivers - Ob', Irtysh, Yenisey, Angara, Lena; the mountains - Altai and Sayany; the lakes - Baikal and Teletskoe.
Flora & Fauna: The west of Siberia is covered by a swampy plain, the central plateau is heavily forested, and the east has mountains soaring to above 3,000 metres. Only the extreme north is true tundra, where temperatures can hit -68°C in winter.
Region Overview:
Attractions & Highlights:

Lake Baikal, the pearl of Siberia. It is the deepest and one of the purest lakes in the World.
The Trans-Siberian Railway, connecting Moscow to Vladivostok, is by far the most famous method of transportation in Siberia. Covering a distance of 9,289 kilometres, making it one of the longest railways in the world, the full trip takes over 6 days and crosses 8 time zones. Its branches the Trans-Manchurian and Trans-Mongolian connect to Beijing in China, the first directly, the second via Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia.
Mountainous Altai (Gorny Altai) - this region of Siberia is very popular among eco tourists. Mountainering and mountain rivers' rafting are wide spread here. The area is famous for its stunning scenery.

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