The museum was opened on the 100th anniversary of the Patriotic War of 1812. It was based on the examples of the plaster cast museums at European universities. Director I.Tsvetaev often visited other countries including Greece and Egypt and made exact copies of statues of Roman emperors, fragments of Greek temples, portals of Roman and gothic cathedrals. He received great help: for example, R. Klein, a museum architect, decorated the facade with antique ionic columns; architect F.Shekhtel presented the museum with moulds of the Pergama altar of the 2nd century A.D. M.Shchekin, a diplomat and collector, presented works by old Italian masters of the 15th – 16th centuries. Egyptologist V.Golenischev donated his collection of old Egyptian art to the museum. In 1932, the museum was renamed the State Museum of Fine Arts, and it was honoured to bear the name of A. Pushkin on the 100th anniversary of the poet's death. At present the collection of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts constitutes more than 500.000 works of art - paintings and sculptures, graphic art, decorative art, archaeological monuments and numismatic items, and photography. The museum has one of the most representative collections in Russia of foreign art dated from ancient times to modern days. The exposition of the museum includes a vast collection of tinted plaster casts of famous ancient, medieval and Renaissance sculptures and the collection of original works of foreign artists, sculptors and graphics together with objects of decorative arts. In 1991 the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts acquired the status of the "Institution of particularly valuable cultural heritage of the Russian Federation ".